Rum is often considered as the most unappreciated alcoholic beverage in the lot. Its production dates back to 1650s in Caribbean. Rum is made from sugarcane, either from the sugar cane juice or from the molasses (A refined version of sugar obtained by boiling). After the sugarcanes are harvested, the leaves are removed followed by the extraction of water out of the cane. It is then crushed and boiled to remove the crystallized sugar and obtain the molasses. Thereafter it is diluted, fermented and distilled, until the rum is prepared. After the distillation is done, it is bottled making away for a clear golden alcohol which is then either aged in barrels or used in the form of cocktail mixer.
Apart from this, there is another way to prepare Rum by using condensed sugar cane syrup. At times, it is also referred to as Sweet Table-Grade Molasses or Sugar Cane Honey. This syrup contains most of the sugar (90%) present in the cane with only the water being removed. It is thereafter stored and can be fermented and distilled later. There are various types of Rum available in the market which varies in their qualities and taste. You must be aware of it in order to taste this alcoholic beverage in your desired form.
Though most of the people are frequented with few, a wide range of Rum Spirits are available. They are mostly – Agricole, Gold Rum, Dark Rum, White Rum, Spiced Rum, Overproof, etc. Agricole rum is being produced from sugarcane juice rather than molasses. Gold Rums are moderately flavored and their taste varies with their age. However, many of this rum contain additives like caramel coloring which produces the desired results sans ageing. Dark Rums are those which have been aged in charred barrels for years. They are richer and darker in both flavor and color with molasses and caramel playing a prominent role. This variety is mostly considered the fullest and heaviest rum in the lot.
The white or clear rum spirits are mostly charcoal filtered after they are stored in a barrel for around two years. This removes the color along with the impurities. Spiced Rum contains added spices which vary from cinnamon to anise and pepper to bay leaf and beyond to create the signature style of this rum. Over proof rum is the mostly preferred local rum in the Caribbean islands. This rum is not diluted and is 80-100 proof; therefore, it is not considered for the faint hearted.
The taste and quality of rum spirits usually depend on the types of barrels, climate, still and yeast. The type of barrel which varies from charred to bourbon, influences the final flavor of the liquor. Climate in which the rum is stored also plays a major role in the ageing process. Mostly pot and column stills are used in the manufacture of rum while some of the brands also use stainless steel stills for the purpose. The type of yeast used, whether it is cultivated or natural, affects the quality of fermentation.