Motherboards are extremely important in a computer. Also known as the main board, they are the central circuit hub where connections between all the components and peripherals of the computer are established. It mainly holds the microprocessor chip of the computer and enables everything else to connect to it. The different components like CPU, graphics card, hard drive and the memory that are attached to it also receive power from the power connection. Most of the parts that run the computer or improves its performance are a part of the motherboard or need to be plugged into it via a slot or port.
Motherboards can configure the working capacity of the computer. The motherboards are the large system that contains several sub-systems such as the processor and other components. The integrated components present on the top of the board include the chipset, BIOS and the system bug along with numerous ports and sockets. The logic system of the motherboard includes the chipset which connects the CPU to the other parts of the computer. The BIOS chip is responsible for controlling the most basic functions of the computer and it also performs a self-test every time you switch it on. The slots or ports found on the motherboard include the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) which establishes connections for video, sound and network cards. The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) is dedicated only for video slots while the Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) interfaces for the hard drives. The Universal Serial Bus (USB), FireWire and memory slots are used for external peripherals.
A wide variety of computer motherboards are available differing in their forms and designs. Some models of mainboards offer limited connectivity which enables you to put a select number of storage, memory, and peripherals into them without your device getting overheated. The mainboards used for gaming computers are different from the main boards used for work. The gaming motherboards are very powerful and include more slots for inserting RAM, video cards and added storage. They have a faster processing power which lets them cool down faster than normal CPUs and so prevent overheating of your computer. These gaming mainboards are perfect for running HD games without any lagging problems.
Computer motherboards designed for working long hours come with multiple power consumption options. The CPU slots of these boards generally focus more on the memory and processing power so that you can store large files and run multiple programs as well. These mainboards also provide multiple slots allowing your computer to connect with WLAN, USB and other devices including printers and projectors. Apart from these computer motherboards, you can also choose the smaller form factor for your laptops. The laptop motherboards are smaller and are specifically made for laptops. They have limited slots for RAM and storage but can be easily upgradable. They offer connectivity for USB, HDMI, VGA, power supply, etc.